What Does CG Mean In Golf?

A phrase often used by equipment manufacturers, we explain what CG actually means here.

What Does CG Mean In Golf

A phrase often used by equipment manufacturers, we explain what CG actually means here.

What Does CG Mean In Golf?

Along with MOI (moment of inertia), COR (coefficient of restitution), and CT (characteristic time), CG has become a common acronym used in the world of golf in terms of equipment and on the television. But what exactly does it mean and how does it affect shots? We take a look below.

What does it mean?

CG stands for centre of gravity and in golf it is used in terms of equipment. When manufacturers use the term you often hear phrases like, 'the centre of gravity is low, the centre of gravity is as far back as possible, or the centre of gravity is high.'

When they say this, they are describing the CG location in terms of the club-head which is measured and calculated by balancing the club-head in a variety of ways (face, sole or pretty much anywhere). The CG within the club-head is the intersection of all these balance points.

Each club-head has a vertical CG location (how high up in the head the CG is from the sole), a horizontal location (how far away from the shaft) and finally how far back from the club-face it is too.

How does this affect golf shots? 

The lower and further back the CG is then the higher the trajectory of the shot. The CG being placed further or closer to the face is the easiest way to have an affect on trajectory.

Whereas the horizontal CG tends to have an affect on accuracy. The closer it is to the shaft then the player is less likely to push or fade the ball. The further away the CG is then there will be a greater tendency for a push or a fade.

How can CG be moved around the head?

Usually CG is dictated by the length, width and breadth of the club-head but in 21st century golf clubs, movable weights have meant the CG of clubs can be moved around.

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Sam Tremlett
Senior Staff Writer

A golfer for most of his life, Sam started playing the game to prove he was the best player out of his father and two brothers.
He quickly became a golf equipment expert and has always been the one family and friends come to for buying advice, and spends a lot of his time putting golf gear, apparel and shoes to the test.  
He is a graduate of Swansea University where he studied History and American Studies, and he has been a part of the Golf Monthly team since February 2018. He also previously worked for World Soccer and Rugby World magazines.

A jack of all trades across print and digital formats, Sam now spends most of his time testing and looking after golf gear content for the website. He also oversees all Tour player content as well. 

Unfortunately, Sam is not a member of any club at the moment but regularly gets out on the golf course to keep up the facade of having a handicap of five. 


Sam is currently playing:
Driver: Titleist TS3
Fairway Wood: TaylorMade M5 (15 degrees), Nike Covert Tour 2.0 (19 degrees)
Irons (4-PW): Titleist AP2
Wedges: Titleist Vokey SM7 54˚, 58˚
Putter: Scotty Cameron Circa 62 #6