How To Hit A Pitching Wedge

Knowing how to hit a pitching wedge close will pave the way to more birdies and par saves. We run through the basics...

How to hit a pitching wedge
(Image credit: Mark Newcombe)

How to hit a pitching wedge

A pitching wedge will typically have a loft of somewhere between 44˚ and 48˚.

Clearly the distance you are able to hit the ball will dictate how far you can hit a full(ish) pitching wedge.

But while the biggest hitters may now be able to hit the best wedges on the market 140-150 yards, for most golfers, 100-110 yards is more realistic. It is that length of shot and below that we focus on here.

These pitches may sometimes be your second shot on a short par 4 or your approach to a par 5 to potentially set up a birdie chance.

But they will often also be required when you’ve mishit your tee-shot or second shot, got out of position or can’t reach a long par 4 into the wind. Your mission then is to try and save par.

So, how should you approach these pitch shots such that you are able to get up and down more often to retain momentum and keep the scorecard intact?

Weight forward

The first thing to note is that you should adopt a narrower stance than you would for a normal full swing, keeping the weight fractionally more towards the front foot – around 60 per cent.

How to hit a pitching wedge - narrow stance

Narrow your stance with the ball a little back of centre and your weight favouring your left side

(Image credit: Mark Newcombe)

You should then keep that extra weight on your front foot throughout your swing rather than transferring it back and forth as you would in a full swing with other clubs.

This also gets the club coming back down fractionally steeper to help guarantee the ball-then-turf impact needed for crisp contact and added backspin control.

How to hit a pitching wedge - weight on front foot

Keeping your weight favouring your left side will help to promote the ball-then-turf contact required

(Image credit: Mark Newcombe)

Three-quarters back and through

With a pitching wedge it’s rarely wise or necessary to swing flat-out.

The objective here is distance control and accuracy rather than out-and-out distance and that’s easier to achieve when you’re not swinging flat-out.

If you need to hit it further, you can always go up a club or two!

Think of the pitching wedge swing as a pendulum. Make a rhythmical backswing taking the swing back to three-quarter length, before then also following through to three-quarter length.

We think it’s wise not to overcomplicate things when it comes to pitching.

Yes, you could work on various backswing lengths to hit the ball different distances but remember – you have other clubs at your disposal that will probably allow you to hit it different distances more easily.

How to hit pitching wedge - half swing

Top Coach Keith Wood recommends working on a three-quarter shot and a half swing for shorter shots

(Image credit: Mark Newcombe)

So perhaps limit it to two different swing lengths – that three-quarter one in which the arms swing back to horizontal with the ground and through to a similar length.

And then maybe a half shot in which it is the club itself that swings from horizontal to horizontal.

Grip down for more control

Another great way to enhance that feeling of control rather than distance is to grip down the club a fraction more than usual.

How to hit a pitching wedge - grip down the club

Gripping down the club a little helps to reinforce the idea that pitching is about control over distance

(Image credit: Mark Newcombe)

This will bring the ball a little closer to you at address and add a much-needed degree of control in your quest for potentially par-saving precision.

The most forgiving wedges you can buy

Keep things connected

Because power is not the goal with a pitching wedge, there can be a temptation to do it all with the hands and arms.

Unfortunately, this doesn’t work because, as with any swing, the movement works best when everything – torso, arms and shoulders – stay connected and work together.

How to hit pitching wedge - stay connected

Make sure everything stays connected through the swing as here - you don't want hands and arms moving independently of your body

(Image credit: Mark Newcombe)

As soon as any one element starts moving independently - such as overactive hands, a lifting of the arms or an early shoulder turn – it will have a drastic effect on where the club goes and ultimately how you present it to the ball.

Pitching works best when the shoulders, upper body and arms are linked, so everything moves backwards and forwards together through the ball.

Improve your pitching wedge striking

Flicking at it with the hands is a common issue with pitching wedge shots.

This little drill will help you compress the ball against the turf and get it zipping up the clubface, improving your strike and bringing added control.

How to hit a pitching wedge - strike drill

Work on missing a tee-peg just behind the ball to compress it better, improving both strike and control

(Image credit: Mark Newcombe)

Lay a tee peg in the ground a few inches behind the ball, then aim to just miss it with your club. You’ll find that a little bit more weight on your left side will encourage the slightly steeper backswing and downswing needed to achieve that.